A good rule of thumb to keep in mind: the lighter the fabric the smaller the needle size and the heavier the fabric the larger the needle size. Many times the thread you will be using for your sewing project will also determine the type of needle you choose.
What needle should I use for each fabric?
Quick Reference Chart Sewing Machine Needle Type Needle Size Fabric Type Universal needles 80 (12) Shirtings, poplin, rayon, light wool 90 (14) Medium heavy, calico, linen 100 (16) Heavy fabric, upholstery, bag making 110 (18) Extra heavy fabric, upholstery.
What size needle should I use for sewing cotton?
Use an 80/12 needle. A Jeans or Denim Needle has a very sharp tip, slender eye and a strong shaft. This is good for sewing on tough, heavyweight fabrics such as denim, duck and canvas. Use a 90/14 or a 100/16 needle if sewing on these fabrics; a lighter 70/10 or 80/12 if sewing on cotton.
What should be considered when buying needles?
Machine needle types Several things can determine the type of needle to pick: the fabric youre using; the thread youve chosen (for example, metallic or embroidery); or the type of stitch you plan (for instance, topstitching or hemstitching).
What is an 80 12 needle used for?
Double Eye 80/12 A Universal needle with two eyes, used on wovens and knits. Used with two threads for topstitching, shading and texturing effects and for embroidery. Stretch 75/11, 90/14 The medium ball point, special eye and scarf are specially designed to prevent skipped stitches.
What is a 90 14 needle?
90/14 suitable for medium weight fabrics, e.g. slightly heavier weight cotton, polyester, linen, lightweight upholstery fabric. Light Weight Fabrics. Lighter weight fabrics such as silk (chiffon, organza, crepe-de-chine) will require a smaller sized needle. The lighter the fabric the smaller the needle required.
What do needle size numbers mean?
The numbers on sewing machine needle packages represent the thickness of the fabric you are able to sew with the needles. The larger the numbers the thicker the fabric you can sew. Conversely, smaller numbers are for sewing finer fabrics.
What tension should I use for cotton?
Cotton requires a moderate tension setting, usually between three and four. Always start adjusting your tension settings with your upper tension.
What is a 70 10 needle used for?
Denim/ Jeans Heavy wovens and denims 70/10 110/18 These needles have a thick, strong shaft and a very sharp point. They are used for stitching denim, canvas, duck and other heavy, tightly woven fabrics. They are also ideal for stitching through multiple fabric layers without breaking.
What is the best sewing machine needle for cotton?
Sewing machine needles come in different thicknesses. Those designated 70/10 are thinnest and best for sewing light fabrics like silk; 80/11 needles work best with medium-weight fabrics like cotton; and 90/14 needles do best with medium to heavy fabrics.
Do sewing machine needles fit all machines?
Most sewing machine needles will function in all sewing machines. However, there are a few sewing machine brands that may require specific needles for them to work well. Sewing needle brands such as Schmetz needles work with all sewing machine brands.
How do I choose a sewing machine?
Match your sewing machine to your budget, skills and the type of sew craft that interests you most. Even the best sewing machines will seize if they are not regularly cleaned and serviced. Be sure to consult your sewing machine manual and follow the recommended maintenance schedule and instructions.
What is a 70 09 needle used for?
Needles come in 3 sizes: 70/09 for use on sheer, lightweight fabrics, 60/08 for use on lightweight fabrics, and 80/11 for use on silk and other lightweight woven fabrics. Needles can be used by SINGER, Brother, Kenmore and other quality sewing machines.
What is a 11 75 needle used for?
Needle Sizes Size Benefit 70/10 Used for fine fabrics, design details and small letter. Good needle size for a larger majority of embroidery work. 75/11 Standard needle size and good for the majority of embroidery applications.
What are 100 16 needles used for?
Large needle sizes 100/16 and 120/18 These are for heavyweight, tough fabrics, like thick leather, heavyweight canvas, and dense upholstery fabrics. They are used with heavyweight threads such as upholstery and topstitching threads.
What size needle do I need for my sewing machine?
The general rule is the bigger the size number, the bigger the needle! And the thinner the fabric you are using, the smaller the needle size you will need, and vice versa for thicker fabrics (you will need a larger needle).
What is the standard sewing machine needle size?
The most commonly used sewing machine needle is a universal needle in a 12/80 size. However, Sergers, embroidery machines, and quilting machines may use needles not designed to fit regular sewing machines.
What are the different needle sizes?
Needle Gauge Chart Gauge Number Needle Nominal O.D. (mm) Needle Dead Volume (µL/25.4 mm) 18 gauge needle 1.27 14.011 µL/25.4 mm 17 gauge needle 1.473 22.715 µL/25.4 mm 16 gauge needle 1.651 28.444 µL/25.4 mm 15 gauge needle 1.829 37.529 µL/25.4 mm.
What do the colors on sewing needles mean?
Most, but not all, household needles now have two bands of color. The top color band indicates needle type and the lower color band indicates needle size. Due to special features, SCHMETZ Universal, Hemstitch, Double Eye, and Quick Threading needles only have one color band to identify needle size.